||Deinococcus radiodurans is Gram stain positive,
aerobic, and non-motile. Due to the extreme conditions
that Deinococcus radiodurans is resistant to it
is being investigated for toxic cleanup in highly radioactive
sites. Deinococcus radiodurans has been modified
to degrade a number of organic compounds as well as converting
heavy metal contaminants to less toxic or bioavailable
||Deinococcus radiophilus is Gram stain positive,
aerobic, and non-motile. Superoxide dismutase isolated
from Deinococcus radiophilus is stable at pH=5.0–11.0
and thermostable up to 40°C.
||Delftia acidovorans is Gram stain negative
and aerobic. Delftia acidovorans has been shown
to degrade a number of organic compounds such as 2-(4-sulfophenyl)butyrate
(SPB) and may be useful degredation of linear alkylbenzenesulfonate
(LAS) surfactant in wastewater treatment.
||Desulfovibrio desulfuricans is Gram stain negative, anaerobic, and motile. Desulfovibrio desulfuricans
has been investigated for the bioreduction and biocrystallization
of palladium. This suggests possible uses in recovering
precious metals used in manufacturing processes.
||Enterobacter aerogenes is Gram stain negative,
aerobic, and motile. Enterobacter aerogenes is
being evaluated for hydrogen production.
||Enterobacter amnigenus is Gram stain negative,
motile by peritrichous flagella, and facultatively anaerobic.
Enterobacter amnigenus can be isolated from tap
water, ground water and soil.
||Enterobacter cloacae is Gram stain negative,
motile by peritrichous flagella, and facultatively anaerobic. Enterobacter cloacae has been used in a
bioreactor based method for the biodegradation of explosives
and in the biological control of plant diseases.
||Enterobacter gergovieae is Gram stain negative,
motile, and aerobic. Enterobacter gergovieae has
been isolated from cosmetics, water and from clinical
||Enterococcus durans is a gram positive,
non-motile, facultative anaerobe. Enterococcus durans
infection in poultry has been associated with bacteremia
||Enterococcus faecalis is a gram positive,
non-motile, facultative anaerobe. Streptococcus faecalis
is a synonym of Enterococcus faecalis. Enterococcus
faecalis occurs mostly in pairs or in short chains.
||Enterococcus facium is a gram positive,
non-motile, facultative anaerobe. Enterococcus faecium
is an ingredient in many products for show animals, livestock
and companion animals.
||Erwinia rhapontici is a gram negative
facultative anaerobe that is motile by peritrichous flagella.
Pink pea is caused by Erwinia rhapontici and results
in weaker plants with reduced seed yield and quality.
||Escherichia coli is a gram negative
facultative anaerobe that is motile by peritrichous flagella.
More than any other bacterium, Escherichia coli
is the workhorse of modern biotechnology. Escherichia
coli is commonly used for everything from cloning
DNA fragments for research to production of biotech products.
||Flavobacterium aquatile is Gram stain negative,
aerobic, and motile. Flavobacterium aquatile is
the type species for the genus Flavobacterium.
||Flavobacterium mizutaii is a gram
negative facultative anaerobe. Sphingobacterium mizutae
is a synonym for Flavobacterium mizutaii.
||Fusobacterium nucleatum is Gram stain negative,
anaerobic and non-motile. Fusobacterium nucleatum
is the type species for the genus Fuosbacterium
||Geobacillus stearothermophilus is Gram stain positive, aerobic, and motile. Spores of Geobacillus
stearothermophilus are commonly included with packs
of materials being autoclaved. Death of the spore form
indicates the autoclave is functioning properly.
||Geobacillus thermoglucosidasius is
gram postive and aerobic. Geobacillus thermoglucosidasius
was reclassified from Bacillus thermoglucosidasius.
||Gluconacetobacter xylinus is Gram stain negative and aerobic. Gluconacetobacter xylinus
produces cellulose of high purity which due to the orientation
of the fibers can be formed into high quality audio membranes.
||Gordonia rubriperincta is Gram stain positive
and aerobic. Gordonia rubripertincta was reclassified
from Nocardia corallina.
||Haemophilus aegyptius is a gram negative
facultative anaerobe. Haemophilus aegyptius is
sometimes referred to as Koch-Weeks bacillus or Haemophilus
influenzae biotype III.
||Haemophilus aphrophilus is a gram
negative facultative anaerobe. Haemophilus aphrophilus
has been reported to cause endocarditis after tongue piercing
(another reason not to do that...).
||Haemophilus haemolyticus is a gram
negative, non-motile, facultative anaerobe. Haemophilus
haemolyticus is differentiated from Haemophilus
influenzae based on the hemolysis test using blood
||Haemophilus influenza is a gram negative,
non-motile, facultative anaerobe. Haemophilus influenza
was first described by Pfeiffer in 1892. It was mistakenly
thought to be the cause of the disease influenza during
the pandemic of 1890, and it was named accordingly. Haemophilus
influenzae is differentiated from Haemophilus
haemolyticus based on the hemolysis test using
blood agar plates.
||Haemophilus parahaemolyticus is a
gram negative, non-motile, facultative anaerobe. Haemophilus
parahaemolyticus causes a septicaemic disease of swine.
||Haemophilus parainfluenzae is a gram
negative, non-motile, aerobe. Many clinical isolates
identified as Haemophilus parainfluenzae are, in
fact, Haemophilus paraphrophilus.
||Helicobacter pylori is Gram stain negative,
microaerophilic, and motile via multiple unipolar flagella.
Prior to the associated of Helicobacter pylori
with stomach ulcers the medical community had determined
that the neutralization of stomach acids was the key to
||Ilyobacter tartaricus is Gram stain negative
and anaerobic. Potentially bridging the gap between biotechnology
and nanotechnology, the mechanism of the F1FO-type ATP
synthase of Ilyobacter tartaricus is being investigated.
||Klebsiella pneumoniae is a gram negative,
non-motile, facultative anaerobe. Klebsiella pneumoniae
is commonly isolated from industrial and environmental
||Kluyvera ascorbata is a gram negative
facultative anaerobe that is motile via peritrichous flagella.
Kluyvera ascorbata has been reported to induce
plant growth whne the soil contains a high concentration
||Kocuria rosea is Gram stain positive and
aerobic. Kocuria rosea was reclassified from Micrococcus
roseus. Kocuria rosea degrades feathers.
||Kocuria varians is Gram stain positive,
aerobic, and non-motile. Kocuria varians produces
an antibiotic (Variacin) that controls the growth of Bacillus
||Kurthia zopfii is Gram stain positive,
aerobic, and motile. A chitinase gene chiSH1 cloned from
Kurthia zopfii has been investigated for control
of powdery mildew pathgoens in barley.
||Lechevalieria aerocolonigenes is Gram stain positive and aerobic. A novel antifungal and antioomycete
antibiotic (Thiobutacin) has been isolated from Lechevalieria
||Listeria welshimeri is Gram stain positive,
motile and a facultative anaerobe. Listeria welshimeri
can be confused with the pathogenic Listeria monocytogenes
by some laboratory tests.
||Listonella anguillarum is Gram stain negative,
aerobic, and motile. Listonella anguillarum causes
disease in approximately 50 different fish species.
||Meiothermus ruber is Gram stain negative
and aerobic. Thermus ruber is a synonym for Meiothermus
||Methanothermobacter wolfeii is Gram stain negative, anaerobic, and non-motile. Methanothermobacter
wolfeii can be isolated from sewage treatment plants.
||Methylophilus methylotrophus is Gram stain negative, aerobic, and motile via a single flagella. Methylophilus
methylotrophus is being used to produce methane from
natural gas or methanol.
||Microbacterium ammoniaphilum is Gram stain positive and aerobic. Microbacterium ammoniaphilum
may be useful for the industrial production of racemates
of various amino acids.
||Microbacterium arborescens is Gram stain positive, aerobic, and non-motile. Glucose isomerase from
Microbacterium arborescens is used in some industrial
processes to isomerized glucose to fructose.
||Microbacterium liquefaciens is Gram stain positive
and aerobic. Microbacterium liquefaciens immobilised
in polyvinyl alcohol has been shown to reduce chromate.
||Microbacterium oxydans is Gram stain positive,
aerobic, and motile. Microbacterium oxydans was
reclassified from Brevibacterium oxydans.
||Micrococcus luteus is Gram stain positive,
aerobic, and non-motile. Micrococcus luteus has
been associated with spoilage of fish products.
||Micrococcus lylae is Gram stain positive,
aerobic, and non-motile. Micrococcus lylae was
isolated from human skin and grows occurring in tetrads.
||Moraxella bovis is Gram stain negative, aerobic,
and non-motile. Moraxella bovis causes pinkeye,
infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis (IBK), in cattle.
||Moraxella nonliquefaciens is Gram stain negative, aerobic, and non-motile. Moraxella nonliquefaciens
is closely related to Moraxella bovis. Moraxella
nonliquefaciens can be isolated from the respiratory
tract of man.
||Moraxella osloensis is Gram stain negative,
aerobic, and non-motile. Moraxella osloensis is
associated a slug-parasitic nematode (Phasmarhabditis
hermaphrodita) that transports Moraxella osloensis
into the shell cavity of the graden slug (Deroceras
reticulatum) or other mollusk pests, and the bacterium
kills the mollusk.
||Neisseria cinerea is Gram stain negative,
aerobic, and non-motile. Neisseria cinerea was
first described as Micrococcus cinereus by von
Lingelsheim in 1906.
||Neisseria denitrificans is Gram stain negative,
aerobic, and non-motile.
||Neisseria gonorrhoeae is Gram stain negative,
aerobic, and non-motile. Neisseria gonorrhoeae
is usually seen in pairs with adjacent flattened sides.
||Neisseria lactamica is Gram stain negative,
aerobic, and non-motile. Strains of Neisseria lactamica
had not been described in studies previous to 1969 because
acid production from lactose was not used as a differential
test for the identification of Neisseria species.
||Neisseria mucosa is Gram stain negative, aerobic, and non-motile.
||N sicca is Gram stain negative, aerobic,
||Neisseria subflava is Gram stain negative,
aerobic, and non-motile. Neisseria subflava is
part of the normal flora of the oral cavity and respiratory
tract of humans.
||Nesterenkonia halobia is Gram stain positive
and aerobic. Nesterenkonia halobia is noderately
halophilic and was isolated from unrefined salt. Nesterenkonia
halobia was reclassified from Micrococcus halobius.
||Nocardia argentinensis is Gram stain positive,
aerobic, and non-motile. Nocardia argentinensis
produces an antibiotic (Nargenicin A1) effective against
Gram-positive bacteria, particularly Staphylococcus
||Nocardia otitidiscaviarum is Gram stain positiven, aerobic, and non-motile. Nocardia otitidiscaviarum
has been isolated in pure culture from activated sludge.
||Oceanospirillum linum is Gram stain negative,
aerobic, and motile. Spirillum linum is a synonyme
for Oceanospirillum linum.